Skip to main content

Tasmania - Australian History

History of Tasmania 
The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November 1642 by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who named the island Anthoonij van Diemenslandt, after his sponsor, the Governor of the Dutch East Indies. The name was later shortened to Van Diemen's Land by the British.
Twelve thousand years ago sea level was rising as the most recent period of global glaciation eased. The land mass now known as Tasmania was cut off and the Aboriginal people living here were isolated. They shared many traits with Australian mainland Aboriginal people but also developed physically and culturally into a distinctive population.
How was Tasmania formed? 
In the Permian period, conditions were again glacial and the Tasmania basin formed, with low sea levels in the Triassic. A giant intrusion of magma happened in the Jurassic formingdiabase, or dolerite which gives many of the Tasmanian mountains their characteristic appearance.
Where is Tasmania? 
It is located 240 km (150 mi) to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by the Bass Strait. ... It is thought Aboriginal Tasmanians were separated from the mainland Aboriginal groups about 10,000 years ago when the sea rose to form Bass Strait

Like most of Australia's original settlements, the Tasmanian capital of Hobart was first established as a penal colony for British convicts, being based on the eastern shores of the Derwent River. Given Tasmania's vast untamed wilderness, the city's early convict history is unsurprising.

Hobart was founded in 1804 and is the second-oldest city in Australia. Its deep-water port is one of the best in the region, which helped the city evolve from convicts to shipbuilding. More recently, Hobart has developed a positive reputation for tourism and livability.


Partially in response to growing French interest in the South Pacific, the early settlements in Sydney were worried about losing their foothold on the untapped region of Oceania. Ships were sent to Tasmania to look for a viable place to set up a new colony and in 1803, a settlement was started at Risdon Cove. A year later, the settlement was moved across the river to Sullivan's Cove, where the city of Hobart was founded in 1804.


Though Hobart was really established to thwart the French from claiming the island of Tasmania, the British soon realised its potential as a penal colony due to its isolation. A number of settlements were built to house male and female convicts, including Port Arthur and Maria Island, both popular tourist attractions today.


By the 1820s, Hobart was a major port for the Southern Ocean whaling industry and one of the region's principal shipbuilding centres. Van Diemen's Land, as Tasmania was then known, was declared a separate colony in 1824 and Hobart Town was named its capital the following year. The port was busy in those years and famous for its wild scenes of debauchery. Nevertheless, the prosperity that the shipping industry brought also led to the creation of several historical landmarks such as the Botanical Gardens and Government House, helping to keep alive this time in history for future generations.


The 1830s and 1840s saw a period of devotion to changing the city from a den of lawlessness to one of culture and intelligence. Many of the beautiful sandstone warehouse buildings were constructed during this time, and institutions like the Theatre Royal, the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery and the Royal Hobart Regatta were all established during this period of Hobart's history.


In the 1890s, an economic depression hit all of the Australian colonies hard. The local economy fared better than some, perhaps due to its lack of industrialisation compared to other Australian colonies like Sydney. The World Wars did not affect Hobart much, so the city concentrated on local projects such as building a road to the summit of Mount Wellington in 1937 and the pontoon Hobart Bridge in 1943, as well as the iconic Tasman Bridge in 1960.


Today, Hobart enjoys a solid economy based around local industry and tourism. The creative and inventive community has established a thriving arts scene with institutions like the Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra now recognised around the world. Compact and scenic, the downtown area is an ideal travel destination for intrepid tourists who like a mix of urban amenities with their natural recreation. #tasmania #iamstillawoman #history 
Total population 19,625

Last of the Tasmanians Woodcut 6 - Wooreddy.jpg
Illustration from "The Last of the Tasmanians" – Wooreddy, Truganini's husband
Total population


Popular posts from this blog

"Hard nipples" - areola or nipple skin

Someone once wrote"...when i get really cold, or get goosebumbs all over my body, the whole things really scrunch up, like, my entire areola scrunches itself up into a wrinkled little mound. it looks really weird and ugly, and i haven't ever seen other people's breasts do it. what is wrong with my areola/nipples??" The answer: Well nothing is wrong. This is what my areola does too. It's a normal reaction to the coldness or to irritation / stimulation. The little muscles in the areola do a similar goosebump thing as your other skin can do. People often call this phenomenon "hard nipples". Also note that skin on areola has less feeling or sensation to it than other areas of your body. If the areola was very sensitive, then breastfeeding would probably be quite uncomfortable because the baby pulls and tugs it! The nipples are sensitive but the sensitivity changes with hormonal changes, such as occur at mestrual cycle or pregnancy. Also this varies with ind…

Linda McCartney Breast Cancer

By Alex Tresniowski
With Her Family by Her Side, Linda McCartney's Long and Winding Journey as Mother, Wife, Artist and Crusader Comes to An All-Too-Untimely End     There were 36 phone messages waiting for freelance music writer Danny Fields when he returned to his Manhattan apartment April 19 after a weekend trip. Reporters were calling about the death of his close friend Linda McCartney, who had died two days earlier at age 56 from breast cancer that had spread to her liver. Devastated by what he heard, Fields reached for the phone. "I called Paul right away," says Fields. "I said, 'Oh, Paul,' and his voice cracked for 10 seconds. We both started to cry. But then I couldn't stop, and he was consoling me. He said, 'Wasn't she great? Wasn't she beautiful? Wasn't she smart and together and wonderful and loving?' "

Praising his wife was an occupational as well as an emotional habit for McCartney, 55, who wrote dozens of love song…

The four stages of breast development

In Stage 1 shows the flat breasts of childhood. By Stage 2, breast buds are formed as milk ducts and fat tissue develop. In Stage 3, the breast become round and full, and the areola darkens. Stage 4 shows fully mature breasts.
(Illustration by GGS Information Services.) period begins. Usually these signs are accompanied by the appearance of pubic hair and hair under the arms.
Once ovulation and menstruation begin, the maturing of the breasts begins with the formation of secretory glands at the end of the milk ducts. The breasts and duct system continue to grow and mature with the development of many glands and lobules. The rate at which breasts grow varies significantly and is different for each young woman. Breast development occurs in five stages:
Stage One: In preadolescence, the breasts are flat and only the tip of the nipple is raised.Stage Two: Buds appear, breast and nipple are raised, fat tissue begins to form and the areola (dark area of skin that surrounds the nipple) enlarge…